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I have clay 1.5 to 2 feet down with sandy loam on top. I want to build as shallow a pond as I can something in the range of 3 feet deep because they logs will all be less than 24", but don't know if I can keep water in it that shallow without it being sealed. The pond will only be about 100' x 100' - Anyone have experience with this in my type of soil?
Not that it will matter but that's a typo on the dimension - all I need is 20 x 100. I assume I can get a liner that size?
I'd call the NRCS, Natural Resource Conservation Services, in your county, they can advise you about ponds.
Log ponds without a large supply of fresh water tend to destroy logs due to the presence of bacteria, algae, and chemicals in the water such as iron. Warm water also encourages chemical staining (often shows up at the end of drying however) in the wood, even if under water. Also, many logs have substantial wood above the water and therefore dry out if not moved or rotated.
Because bark falls off easily in the springtime, you will need to clean the pond to remove this debris.
For these reasons, and possible legal reasons (Pollution and liability), log ponds are rarely used.
Have you considered using a sprinkler system? That is what I see at lots of log yards around here, and it seems like it would be a lot cheaper than digging a pond.
You can extend the life of logs by placing them in the shade, not far off the ground, and allowing low bushes/vines to grow over them, if convenient / practical. Paint the ends if you have a way to do so. I've been sawing 3+ year logs stored this way and finding good heartwood, and in many cases interesting spalt, and insect excavations. :-)