Drying Time for Black Walnut

Dry slowly to prevent checking, and test with a moisture meter. February 26, 2005

Roughly how long does it take to dry a charge of 8/4 steam treated black walnut?

Drying this material seems to be going extremely slow. In the initial stages (55%+ mc) we are only pulling about 1.5% per day from the walnut. Our schedule calls for 108 degrees and 15.5% emc (sometimes 15.0%) in the initial stages until about 50% mc or so, with about 350 fpm airflow.

I do not believe we are locking up the lumber at this schedule. Does anybody have suggestions? I would be interested to hear some of your successful steamed walnut schedules.

I am at a loss with this species. Quality-wise, the material comes out looking great, but I know it is taking entirely too much time to produce the quality.

Forum Responses
(Sawing and Drying Forum)
From Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor:
Because of the high risk of internal checking, 8/4 walnut (steamed or unsteamed) must be dried slowly. The maximum safe rate is 3.3% MC per day, so it would be typical to average about 2% to 2.25% MC loss per day. Your temperature and air flow seem about right, so I suspect that your EMC measurement is in error slightly, which results in a slightly slower drying rate than we might expect. But, nothing wrong with being conservative with walnut...

From the original questioner:
Thanks for the info, Gene. So it is perfectly reasonable for a charge of 8/4 walnut to take 40 - 45 days?

One more question I just thought of regarding walnut. We use an 8 probe wireless moisture reading system in our kilns. It always seems like with walnut that near the end of the charge, 6 or 7 of the probes are right in our desired range. But 1 or 2 probes are usually still up in the high teens or low twenties. Everything is uniform in the kilns (air, temp, emc). What would cause this, and would you recommend dumping the kilns, or waiting over a week on 1 probe to drop for the kiln to dump (this sometimes happens on charges of cherry, as well, but less frequently)?

From Gene Wengert, forum technical advisor:
I would never use the probes to determine when to stop drying. If you ran an oven test and then compared two probes, you would find up to 10% MC difference at times. Go into the kiln and use a moisture meter with needles and test 20 pieces.

If you see wetter readings, then believe them and continue equalizing (which prevents over-drying).

For 8/4 walnut, 45 days is about the shortest you can dry from green to 7% MC. Of course, the earlier part of the schedule is the most critical.