Pocket-screwed face frames

A time-saving method for frame assembly compared to dowels. 1998.

by Jon Elvrum

Our company is experiencing bottlenecks in the face frame fabrication process. Is there a good/fast alternative to the dowel construction methods we are currently using?

Your inquiry is a good one. There exists an excellent alternative system involving screw-together frame assembly.

In this process, frame parts are brought to a drill tub where angled holes or pockets are drilled into the back of individual face frame parts. These holes include a pilot drill for easy start of the screw-together operation, which uses a pneumatic screw gun to drive the screws.

The assembly takes place on an easel table which varies in size from 4' x 8' to 6' x 12' standard. Each table is equipped with a rolling, clamping arm which moves from side to side across the table to position from 3 to 5 hold down clamps above the actual joint, where hold down clamps keep the pieces in place while the frames are screwed together. When all joints are screwed together, the frame is complete, and needs no other work.

When using a system where the hole does not come through the end of the frame part, the joint is secured by side clamping pressure, and the neck of the screw below the head is captured under pressure in hardwood. This allows the operation to eliminate glue from the jointing process.

When glue is not used, there is a significant labor gain resulting from reduced clean-up and secondary sanding.

Additionally, unassembled parts can be run through a wide belt sander just prior to assembly. Since the frames are assembled face down against the table, without glue or clamping of frames, secondary sanding can virtually be eliminated.

After a few hours of practice, the screw joint assembly system reduces labor in face frame construction by more than double, and reduces the number of personnel engaged in the the process significantly. Production by a single operator can be doubled easily, with more than triple efficiency not uncommon over doweled or mortise and tenon construction styles.

Jon Elvrum, Director of Distribution and Sales at Ritter Manufacturing in Antioch California, is also a well known author and consultant to the cabinetmaking industry. He has written numerous articles on the 32mm cabinetmaking system and production woodworking in general.

The comments below were added after this Forum discussion was archived as a Knowledge Base article (add your comment).

Comment from contributor J:
I agree with all the above but caution that not using glue, in spite of no clean up, will usually result in wood movement no matter how tight the screws are. Your face frame parts won't be flush to one another in one to six months and the customer will be unhappy. 20 years experience has shown a little more effort to be worth 1000 times what it takes to fix it later. In cutting corners you often cut off future business.